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Objectives and Content of Census

Objectives

The "Economic Census for Business Activity" is a survey carried out for the purpose of compiling statistics about Japan's economic structure. It seeks to comprehensively ascertain a variety of accounting items, such as sales (revenue) and costs, across all industries and sectors at the same point in time, and use this to obtain a clear picture of the economic activity of Japanese establishments and enterprises nationally and locally, as well as to obtain population information for various statistical surveys aimed at establishments and enterprises.

Content

The Economic Census is aimed at all establishments and enterprises, including factories, coffee shops and individually-owned establishments.

In addition to basic items, such as name, address, business structure, etc., the census investigates items related to economic activity, including business content, sales and costs, capital investments, etc.

The results of the census will be used as reference data for policymaking in government and corporate planning in private sector.

Establishments

What constitutes an "establishment"?

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For the purposes of this census, "establishment" refers to an entity engaged in economic activity, such as the manufacture and sale of goods or the provision of services, and that operates under a single management agency, occupies a given space, has employees and equipment, and operates on an ongoing basis.
For example, trading firms, inns, factories, warehouses, banks, schools, shrines and temples, hospitals, cram schools, etc., occupy a given space, have employees and equipment and operate on an ongoing basis and are, therefore, establishments. However, in cases where different proprietors operate in the same physical space, they are treated as separate establishments.

"Head Offices, Headquarters, Main Offices" and "Branch Offices, Branch Shops, Branch Houses"

Single-unit establishments

"Single-unit establishments" refer to enterprises with no head offices or branch offices at different locations run by the same management agency, and to single establishments with a single organization.

Head offices, headquarters, and main offices

"Head offices, headquarters, and main offices" refer to establishments that hold branch offices at different locations run by the same management agency and that control all of them.

A single enterprise can have only one "head office, headquarters, or main office." When the headquarters is separated between two or more locations, the location of the representative officer is considered as the "head office, headquarters, or main office," and the other locations are considered as "branch offices, branch shops, or branch houses."

Branch offices, branch shops and branch houses

"Branch offices, branch shops, and branch houses" refer to establishments controlled by a "head office, headquarters, or main office."

Regardless of whether an establishment's name specifies it as a headquarters, it is considered to be a "branch office, branch shop, or branch house" if overall control is exercised by a different establishment.

Chain Stores and Franchises

Examples where control is not exercised by the same management agency (unconnected to headquarters or branch shops)

Franchise and chain business headquarters and member stores (separate management)

Group establishments comprised of a parent company
and subsidiaries, affiliates, etc.

Examples where control is exercised by the same management agency (connected to headquarters or branch shops)

Franchise and chain business headquarters and company stores

All stores managed by a business entity (enterprise) that manages franchises or chain member stores

Sample census form to be distributed to private establishments

Census form to be distributed to individual proprietors, unincorporated entities, and new establishments

All industries (excluding those targeted under the Unincorporated Enterprise Survey)

01

Census forms
(common to all industries)

All industries (targeted under the Unincorporated Enterprise Survey)

21

Census forms
(in combination with the Unincorporated Enterprise Survey)

Census form to be distributed to companies and corporations other than companies

Divisions of Industries

Single-unit Establishments

Multiple Establishments and Enterprises

Enterprises

Establishments

A

Agriculture and Forestry

02

Census forms
(Agriculture and Forestry, Fisheries)

13

15

Census forms for establishments
(Agriculture and Forestry, Fisheries)

B

Fisheries

C

Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel

03

Census forms
(Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel)

16

Census forms for establishments
(Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel)

E

Manufacturing

04

Census forms
(Manufacturing)

17

I

Wholesale and Retail Trade

05

Census forms
(Wholesale and Retail Trade)

18

Census forms for establishments
(Wholesale and Retail Trade)

D

Construction

06

Census forms
(Construction, Real Estate and Goods Rental and Leasing)

19

Census forms for establishments
(Construction, Services)

K

Real Estate and Goods Rental and Leasing

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services
(Eating and Drinking Services)

07

Census forms
(Eating and Drinking Services)

P

Medical, Health Care and Welfare

08

Census forms
(Medical, Health Care and Welfare)

F

Electricity, Gas, Heat Supply and Water

09

Census forms
(Service-related Industries A)

H

Transport and Postal Activities

J

Finance and Insurance

Q

Compound Services (Postal Services)

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services

10

Census forms
(Survice-related Industries B)

N

Living-related and Personal Services and Amusement Services

O

Education, Learning Support

G

Information and Communications

11

Census forms
(Service-related Industries C)

L

Scientific Research, Professional and Technical Services

Q

Compound Services
(Cooperative Associations)

R

Services, N.E.C. (excluding political organizations and religion)

R

Services, N.E.C. (Political organizations and religion)

12

Census forms
(Political Organizations and Religion)

14

Census forms for organizations
(Political Organizations and Religion)

20

Census forms for establishments
(Political Organizations and Religion)

Divisions of Industries

Single-unit Establishments

A

Agriculture and Forestry

02

Census forms
(Agriculture and Forestry, Fisheries)

B

Fisheries

C

Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel

03

Census forms
(Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel)

E

Manufacturing

04

Census forms
(Manufacturing)

I

Wholesale and Retail Trade

05

Census forms
(Wholesale and Retail Trade)

D

Construction

06

Census forms
(Construction, Real Estate and Goods Rental and Leasing)

K

Real Estate and Goods Rental and Leasing

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services
(Eating and Drinking Services)

07

Census forms
(Eating and Drinking Services)

P

Medical, Health Care and Welfare

08

Census forms
(Medical, Health Care and Welfare)

F

Electricity, Gas, Heat Supply and Water

09

Census forms
(Service-related Industries A)

H

Transport and Postal Activities

J

Finance and Insurance

Q

Compound Services (Postal Services)

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services

10

Census forms
(Survice-related Industries B)

N

Living-related and Personal Services and Amusement Services

O

Education, Learning Support

G

Information and Communications

11

Census forms
(Service-related Industries C)

L

Scientific Research, Professional and Technical Services

Q

Compound Services
(Cooperative Associations)

R

Services, N.E.C. (excluding political organizations and religion)

R

Services, N.E.C. (Political organizations and religion)

12

Census forms(Political Organizations and Religion)

Divisions of Industries

Multiple Establishments and Enterprises

Enterprises

A

Agriculture and Forestry

13

B

Fisheries

C

Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel

E

Manufacturing

I

Wholesale and Retail Trade

D

Construction

K

Real Estate and Goods Rental and Leasing

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services
(Eating and Drinking Services)

P

Medical, Health Care and Welfare

F

Electricity, Gas, Heat Supply and Water

H

Transport and Postal Activities

J

Finance and Insurance

Q

Compound Services (Postal Services)

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services

N

Living-related and Personal Services and Amusement Services

O

Education, Learning Support

G

Information and Communications

L

Scientific Research, Professional and Technical Services

Q

Compound Services
(Cooperative Associations)

R

Services, N.E.C. (excluding political organizations and religion)

R

Services, N.E.C. (Political organizations and religion)

14

Census forms for organizations
(Political Organizations and Religion)

Divisions of Industries

Multiple Establishments and Enterprises

Establishments

A

Agriculture and Forestry

15

Census forms for establishments
(Agriculture and Forestry, Fisheries)

B

Fisheries

C

Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel

16

Census forms for establishments
(Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel)

E

Manufacturing

17

I

Wholesale and Retail Trade

18

Census forms for establishments
(Wholesale and Retail Trade)

D

Construction

19

Census forms for establishments
(Construction, Services)

K

Real Estate and Goods Rental and Leasing

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services
(Eating and Drinking Services)

P

Medical, Health Care and Welfare

F

Electricity, Gas, Heat Supply and Water

H

Transport and Postal Activities

J

Finance and Insurance

Q

Compound Services (Postal Services)

M

Accommodations, Eating and Drinking Services

N

Living-related and Personal Services and Amusement Services

O

Education, Learning Support

G

Information and Communications

L

Scientific Research, Professional and Technical Services

Q

Compound Services
(Cooperative Associations)

R

Services, N.E.C. (excluding political organizations and religion)

R

Services, N.E.C. (Political organizations and religion)

20

Census forms for establishments
(Political Organizations and Religion)

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